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随想/杂感/手记

您幸福吗?

你幸福吗?

 

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今天上网了一下,看到一个有趣的视频,是者采访们问几个问题,包括“您幸福?”“你认为什么是幸福?”等等。不知道采访是不是随机的,或者是不是事先排好的,因有些人的回答挺冠冕堂皇的,感挺虚,比如那个开收割机的民。也日气氛,电视中的人好像没有人自己不幸福。

 

幸福是什么?幸福是一种情或者是一种主,每个人幸福的定是不一的。就像采访中的人一,有的人认为全家人能在一起就是幸福,有的人认为自己的一个愿望达到了就是幸福。幸福感不会因的直线增多也直线上升,positive psychology这样认为幸福可能有这样几种:

 

1、愉悦(好吃的食物、水澡等)

2、从事某种事情(或者叫做进行中,在做一件有趣但具有挑战的事情)

3、与人建立关系(社会关系是最可信的幸福感的标志)

4、成就(实现一个目标)

 

这几条都很好理解吧?有的人认为有信仰的人比较快乐幸福,但是这可能更多的是因为他们处在一个社团当中,有归属感的缘故。

 

下面是人本心理学的创始人,美国著名的心理学家Maslow的需要层次论。当不同层次的需要得到满足的时候,也代表不同层次的幸福感吧。

 

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另外,每个人感受幸福的能力是有天生差异的,比如有的人整天乐呵呵的,我们常说的乐天派,有的人则好像总不太开心,但又不是忧郁症。有个人叫做Sonja Lyubomirsky 和她的同事做过一个研究发现天生的差异之决定人50%的幸福感;10%由生活处境决定的,比如是否富有、婚否、健康与否;那么,我们还有40%的空间可以改变我们的幸福感,所以,天生忧郁质的人感觉不幸福或者不快乐的人,可以很大程度上提高自己的幸福感。做心理辅导是其中的一个途径啥。

 

那么,您幸福了吗?

 

下面有两个测试你幸福感的scales

 

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

By Sonja Lyubomirsky, Ph.D.

For each of the following statements and/or questions, please circle the point on the scale that you feel is most appropriate in describing you.

1. In general, I consider myself:

 

1            2           3          4          5        6           7

not a very happy person                                      a very happy person

 

2. Compared to most of my peers, I consider myself:

             1            2           3          4         5         6           7

less happy                                                                more happy

3. Some people are generally very happy. They enjoy life regardless of what is going on, getting the most out of everything. To what extent does this characterization describe you?

             1            2           3          4         5         6           7

not at all                                                                    a great deal

4. Some people are generally not very happy. Although they are not depressed, they never seem as happy as they might be. To what extent does this characterization describe you?

             1            2           3          4         5         6           7

not at all                                                                     a great deal

 

Note: Item #4 is reverse coded.

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Satisfaction With Life Scale
Diener, E., Emmons, R., Larsen, J., & Griffin, S. (1985).

The Satisfaction With Life Scale. J Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.

Below are five statements with which you may agree or disagree. Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each item by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. The 7-point scale is as follows:

1 = strongly disagree

2 = disagree

3 = slightly disagree

4 = neither agree nor disagree

5 = slightly agree

6 = agree

7 = strongly agree

 

__ 1. In most ways my life is close to my ideal.

__ 2. The conditions of my life are excellent.

__ 3. I am satisfied with my life.

__ 4. So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.

__ 5. If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing.

 

The SWLS is in the public domain. Permission is not needed to use it.

 

 

祝您幸福!

 

 

 

Francy Wang 王方

October 9, 2012 at 12:50am

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